Please contact me at steven_cohen at if you would like a copy of any of these articles.


Cohen SA, Greaney ML. Aging in rural communities. Current Epidemiology Reports. 2022, in press.

Gates DM, Cohen SA, Orr K, Caffrey AR. Pediatric influenza vaccination rates lower than previous estimates in the United States. Vaccine 2022; Oct 19;40(44):6337-6343. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2022. 09.053

Gates DM, Cohen SA, Orr K, Caffrey AR. Pharmacist-administered influenza vaccination in children and corresponding regulations. Vaccines. 2022; 10:1410. doi: 10.3390/vaccines10091410

Ahmed NH, Greaney ML, Cohen SA. Moderation of the association between primary language and health by race and gender: An intersectional approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2022 Jun 24;19(13):7750. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19137750.

Cohen SA, Nash CC, Byrne EN, Mitchell LE, Greaney ML. Black-White disparities in obesity widen with increasing rurality: Evidence from a national survey. Health Equity. 2022 6(1): 178-88. doi: 10.1089/heq.2021.0149.

Brown MJ, Patterson RC, Haider MD, Zahnd W, Cohen SA. Health disparities in social determinants of health and subjective cognitive decline: The mediating role of depression. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. 2022 Feb;48(2):13-22. doi: 10.3928/00989134-20220110-01.

Greaney ML, Kunicki ZJ, Drohan MM, Nash C, Cohen SA. Sleep quality among informal caregivers during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study. Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine. 2022; 8:23337214211057387.


Cohen SA, Nash CC, Greaney ML. Informal caregiving during the COVID-19 pandemic in the US: Background, challenges, and opportunities. American Journal of Health Promotion. 2021; 35(7):1032-36.

Greaney ML, Kunicki ZJ, Drohan MM, Ward-Ritacco CL, Riebe D, Cohen SA. Changes in physical activity, sedentary behavior, and screen time among informal caregivers during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2021 21:1292.

Cohen SA, Kunicki ZJ, Nash C, Drohan MM, Greaney ML. Rural-urban differences in caregiver burden changes due to COVID-19 among informal caregivers to older adults.  Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine.  Jun;7:23337214211025124.

Cohen SA, Mendez-Luck CA, Sabik NJ, Azzoli AB, Cook SK, Greaney ML. Differences in caregiving intensity among distinct sociodemographic subgroups of informal caregivers: Joint effects of race/ethnicity, gender, and employment. Journal of Gerontological Nursing.  2021 Jul 1;47(7):23-32. 

Cohen SA, Ahmed N, Brown MJ, Meucci MR, Greaney ML.  Rural-urban differences in informal caregiving, caregiver experiences, and health-related quality of life. Journal of Rural Health.  2021 May 6. doi: 10.1111/jrh.12581.  

Cohen SA, Kunicki ZJ, Drohan MM, Greaney ML. Exploring Changes in Caregiver Burden and Caregiving Intensity due to COVID-19. Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine 2021; 7: 2333721421999279.

Arnold T, Kunicki ZJ, Rogers BG, Haubrick KK, Klasko-Foster L, Norris AL, Drohan MM, Greaney ML, Cohen SA. Validating the psychological functioning during COVID-19 pandemic measure. Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine.  2021; 7: 2333721421997200.

Greaney ML, Cohen SA, Xu F, Ward-Ritacco C, Riebe D. Receipt and adoption of recommended weight management behaviors among adults who are overweight or obese: Findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2016.  BMJ Open, 10:e039295. DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039295


Brown MJ, Cohen SA. Informal caregiving, poor mental health, and subjective cognitive decline: Results from a population-based sample. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 2020, 46(12):31-41.  DOI:   

Xu F, Cohen SA, Greaney ML, Earp JE, Delmonico MJ. Longitudinal sex-specific physical function trends by age, race/ethnicity and weight status. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2020, 68(10): 2270-2278. DOI:

Xu F, Earp JE, Greene GW, Cohen SA, Lofgren IE, Delmonico MJ, Greaney ML. Temporal association between abdominal weight status and healthy aging: Findings from the 2011-2018 National Health and Aging Trends Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, 17, 5656. DOI: doi:10.3390/ijerph17165656. 

Cohen SA, Broccoli J, Greaney ML. Community-based social determinants of three measures of mortality from the Rhode Island Life Expectancy Rhode Island Life Expectancy Demonstration: Understanding Population Predictors (RILEDUPP) project.  Archives of Public Health, 2020; 78:56. DOI:


Cohen SA, Greaney ML, Klassen AC. A “Swiss paradox” in the United States? Level of spatial aggregation changes the association between income inequality and morbidity for older Americans. International Journal of Health Geographics, 2019; 18(1):1-12.

Xu F, Cohen SA, Greaney ML, Hatfield DL, Greene GW.  Racial/ethnic disparities in US adolescents’ dietary quality and its modification by weight-related and physical activity factors.  International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2019; 16(23):4803.  DOI: 10.1007/s11136-019-02280-z

Greaney ML, Cohen SA, Blissmer BJ, Earp JE, Xu F. Age-specific trends in health-related quality of life among US adults: Findings from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2016.  Quality of Life Research, 2019; 28(12): 3249-3257.  

Cohen SA, Sabik NJ, Cook SK, Azzoli AB, Mendez-Luck CM.  Differences within differences: Gender inequalities in caregiving intensity vary by race and ethnicity in informal caregivers. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 2019; 34:245–263.  DOI: 10.1007/s10823-019-09381-9.

Brown MJ, Cohen SA, DeShazo J. Psychopathology and HIV diagnosis among older adults in the United States: Disparities by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. Aging and Mental Health, 2019 Jul 4:1-8.  DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2019.1636201.

Xu F, Adams S, Cohen SA, Earp J, Greaney ML. Relationship between physical activity, screen time and sleep quantity and quality in U.S. adolescents aged 16–19.  International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2019; 16(9):1524. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16091524.

Greaney ML, Cohen SA, Ward-Ritacco CL, Riebe D.  Rural-urban variation in weight loss recommendations for arthritis among US older adults with obesity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2019; 16(6):946. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16060946.

Cohen SA, Talamas AX, Sabik NJ.  Disparities in social determinants of health outcomes and behaviors between older adults in Alaska and the contiguous U.S.: Evidence from a national survey. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 2019; 78:1. DOI: 10.1080/22423982.2018.1557980.  


Xu F, Cohen SA, Lofgren IE, Delmonico MJ, Greaney ML. The association between physical activity and Metabolic Syndrome in older adults with obesity.  Journal of Frailty and Aging, 2018; 8(1):27-32. DOI: 10.14283/jfa.2018.34. 

Cohen SA, Greaney ML, Sabik NJ. Assessment of dietary patterns, physical activity and obesity from a national survey: Rural-urban health disparities in older adults. PLoS One, 2018 Dec 5;13(12):e0208268.

Xu F, Cohen SA, Lofgren IE, Greene GW, Delmonico MJ, Greaney ML. Relationship between diet quality, physical activity and health-related quality of life in older adults: Findings from the 2007-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 2018; 22(9):1072-1079. DOI: 10.1007/s12603-018-1050-4.

Xu F, Cohen S, Greaney M, Greene G. The association between US adolescents’ weight status, weight perception, weight satisfaction, and their physical activity and dietary behaviors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2018 Sep 5;15(9):1931.

Cohen SA, Cook SK, Sando TA, Sabik NJ. What aspects of rural life contribute to rural‐urban health disparities in older adults? Evidence from a national survey. Journal of Rural Health, 2018 Summer; 34(3):293-303.

Cook SK, Cohen SA. Sociodemographic disparities in adult-child informal caregiving intensity in the US: Results from the new National Study of Caregiving. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 2018; 44(9):15-20.  DOI:10.3928/00989134-20180808-05.

Cook SK, Snellings LC, Cohen SA. Socioeconomic and demographic factors modify observed relationship between caregiving intensity and quality of life in informal adult children caregivers. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 2018 Aug 29;16(1):169. DOI:10.1186/s12955-018-0996-6.

Xu F, Greaney ML, Cohen SA, Riebe D, Greene G. Association between adolescent’s weight perception and health behaviors: Analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data, 2011-2014. Journal of Obesity, 2018; DOI:10.1155/2018/3547856.

Sadanand A, Ryan MH, Cohen SA, Ryan MS.  Development of a medical Spanish curriculum for fourth year medical students. PRIMER, 2018; 2:17. 

Bareis N, Sando TA, Mezuk B, Cohen SA. Association between psychotropic medication polypharmacy and an objective measure of balance impairment among middle-aged adults: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. CNS Drugs, 2018; DOI:10.1007/s40263-018-0542-4.


Cohen SA, Cook SK, Sando TA, Brown MJ, Longo DR.  Socioeconomic and demographic disparities in caregiving intensity and quality of life in informal caregivers: A first look at the National Study of Caregiving. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 2017 Mar 3;43(6):17-24. DOI: 10.3928/00989134-20170224-01.

Ritchie BM, Hirning BA, Stevens CA, Cohen SA, DeGrado J. Risk factors for acute kidney injury associated with the treatment of bacterial endocarditis at a tertiary academic medical center. Journal of Chemotherapy, 2017;29(5):292-8. DOI: 10.1080/1120009X.2017.1296916. 

Cohen SA, Cook SK, Kelley L, Foutz JD, Sando TA. A closer look at rural-urban health disparities: Associations between obesity and rurality vary by geospatial and sociodemographic factors. Journal of Rural Health, 2017 Apr 1;33(2):167-79. DOI: 10.1111/jrh.12207.

Brown MJ, Masho SW, Mezuk B, Pugsley R, Cohen SA. Sex disparities in adverse childhood experiences and HIV/STIs: Mediation of psychopathology and sexual behaviors. AIDS and Behavior, 2017 Jun 1;21(6):1550-66. DOI:10.1007/s10461-016-1553-0


Foutz JD, Cohen SA, Cook SK. Challenges and barriers to health care and overall health in Alaskan older adults: Evidence from a national survey. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 2016 Jan 1;75(1):30348.  DOI: 10.3402/ijch.v75.30348.  


Cohen SA, Kelley L, Bell AE. Spatiotemporal discordance in five common measures of rurality for US counties and applications for health disparities research in older adults. Frontiers in Public Health, 2015; 3: 267. DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2015.00267. 

Cohen SA, Cook S, Kelley L, Sando T, Bell AE.  Psychosocial factors of caregiver burden in child caregivers: Results from the new National Study of Caregiving. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 2015 Aug 7;13(1):120. DOI: 10.1186/s12955-015-0317-2.

Brown MJ, Perera RA, Masho SW, Mezuk B, Cohen SA. Adverse childhood experiences and intimate partner aggression in the US: Sex differences and similarities in psychosocial mediation. Social Science and Medicine, 2015;131:48-57. 

Brown MJ, Perera RA, Masho SW, Mezuk B, Cohen SA. Sex and sexual orientation disparities in adverse childhood experiences and early age at sexual debut in the United States: Results from a nationally representative sample. Child Abuse and Neglect, 2015;46:89-102.

Brown MJ, Cohen SA, Mezuk B. Duration of US residence and suicidality among racial/ethnic minority immigrants. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2015;50(2):257-67. DOI: 10.1007/s00127-014-0947-4.

Brown MJ, Pugsley R, Cohen SA. Meeting sex partners through the Internet, risky sexual behavior, and HIV testing among sexually transmitted infectious clinic patients. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2015;44(2):509-19. 


Greenwald SR, Cohen SA. Non-random return: lessons from women returning for follow-up results of cervical cancer screening in rural Haiti. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation, 2014;78(4):255-8. DOI: 10.1159/000365082.

Brown MJ, Cohen SA. Association between abusive and nonabusive adverse childhood experiences and diagnosis of cancer in Wisconsin, USA. Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education, 2014 Apr 7;2:008.

Do EK, Cohen SA, Brown MJ. Socioeconomic and demographic factors modify the association between informal caregiving and health in the Sandwich Generation. BMC Public Health, 2014 Apr 15;14(1):362.


Cohen SA, Brown MJ, Chui KKH. Rural caregiving and health outcomes in the United States. The International Journal of Aging in Society, 2013;2:37-51.

Brown MJ, Cohen SA, Thacker LR. Association between adverse childhood experiences and diagnosis of cancer. PLoS ONE, 2013 Jun 11;8(6):e65524.

Evans EW, Hayes C, Palmer CA, Bermudez OI, Cohen SA, Must A. Dietary patterns and severe early childhood caries in a sample of young low-income children. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 2013 Aug 31;113(8):1057-61.

Anger K, DeGrado J, Greenwood B, Cohen S, Szumita P. Evaluation of recombinant activated Protein C for severe sepsis at a tertiary academic medical center. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, 2013;9:277-284.

Hong SY, Jerger L, Jonas A, Badi A, Cohen S, Nachega JB, Parienti J, Tang AM, Wanke C, Terrin N, Pereko D, Blom A, Trotter AB, Jordan MR. Medication possession ratio predictive of short-term virologic response in individuals initiating antiretroviral therapy in Namibia. PLoS ONE, 2013 Feb 28;8(2):e56307.  

Evans EW, Hayes C, Palmer C, Bermudez O, Naumova N, Cohen SA, Must A. Development of a Pediatric Cariogenicity Index. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 2013 Aug 1;73(3):179-86.

2012 and earlier

Cohen SA, Chui KKH, Naumova EN. Accounting for age in estimating disease rates: The Slope-Intercept Method for Population Linear Estimation (SIMPLE) approach. Statistics in Medicine, 2011;30:480-8. 

Chui KKH, Cohen SA, Naumova EN. Snowbirds and infection–new phenomena in pneumonia and influenza hospitalizations from winter migration of older adults: A spatiotemporal analysis. BMC Public Health, 2011; 11:444.

Cohen SA, Chui KKH, Naumova EN.  Influenza vaccination in young children reduces influenza-associated hospitalizations in older adults, 2002-06. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2011;59:327-32.

Cohen SA, Agree EM, Ahmed S, Naumova EN. Grandparental caregiving, income inequality, and respiratory infections in US seniors. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2011;65:246-53.

Chui KKH, Wenger JB, Cohen SA, Naumova EN. Visual analytics for epidemiologists: Understanding the interactions between age, time, and disease with multi-panel graphs. PLoS ONE, 201115;6(2): e14683.

Grimes KE, Schulz MF, Cohen SA, Mullin BO, Tien S, Lehar SE. Pursuing cost-effectiveness in mental health service delivery for youth with complex needs: Enhancing engagement to improve outcomes.  Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics, 2011;14(2):73-86.

MacDonnell CP, Derreza AJ, Lavin MD, Cohen SA, Cohen L.  Impact of an interdisciplinary practice laboratory on pharmacy and nursing students’ perceptions of health care roles. International Journal of Pharmacy Education and Practice, 2011;7(1):1-10.  

Cohen SA, Ahmed S, Klassen AC, Agree EM, Louis TA, Naumova EN.  Childhood Hib vaccination and pneumonia and influenza burden in US seniors.  Vaccine, 2010;28:4462–69.

Cohen SA, Klassen AC, Ahmed S, Agree EM, Louis TA, Naumova EN.  Trends for influenza and pneumonia hospitalization in the older population: age, period, and cohort effects.  Epidemiology and Infection, 2010;138:1135-45. 

Rioux CL, Tucker KL, Mwamburi M, Gute DM, Cohen SA, Brugge D. Residential traffic exposure, pulse pressure and C-reactive protein: Consistency and contrast among exposure characterization methods. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2010;118:803-11. 

Cohen SA. A review of demographic and infrastructural factors and potential solutions to the physician and nursing shortage predicted to impact the growing US elderly population. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 2009;15:352-62.

Cohen SA, Egorov AI, Jagai JS, Matyas BT, DeMaria A, Chui KKH, Griffiths JK, Naumova EN. The SEEDs of gastrointestinal disease: Socioeconomic, environmental, and demographic factors related to cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis in Massachusetts. Environmental Research, 2008;108:185-91.  

Naumova EN, Cohen SA. Population-level risk factors, population health, and health policy. Journal of Public Health Policy, 2008;28:290-8.

Cohen SA, Naumova EN. Population dynamics in the elderly: The need for age-adjustment in national biosurveillance systems. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2007;4506:47-58.

Book Chapters

  1. Cohen SA, Greaney ML, Erdman E, Naumova EN. Geospatial tools for social medicine: Understanding the rural-urban divide. In: Geospatial Technology for Human Well-Being and Health. Ed: Faruque F; Springer, in press (2020).
  2. Cohen SA, Greaney ML. Health disparities. In Handbook of Rural Aging. Ed: Kaye L; Springer, in press (2020).
  3. Cohen SA, Greaney ML. Urban-rural health disparities at older ages. In Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging; Eds: Gu D, Dupre M. Springer, Cham (2019). DOI: Link to chapter
  4. Orr C, Cohen S, Mezuk B.  Workplace Discrimination among Older American Workers. In: Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research. Ed: Michalos AC. Springer, Dordrecht.  Link to book
  5. Cohen SA, Naumova EN, “Age-adjustment in national biosurveillance systems: A survey of issues, examples, and analytical tools for age-adjustment in longitudinal surveillance data.” Book chapter in: Infectious Disease Informatics and Biosurveillance: Research, Systems, and Case Studies. Ed: Daniel Zeng (2010), ISBN: 978-1441968913.  Link to book
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